New Testament Places in Turkey

In Turkey the origin of the church goes back to the events as the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ in Juda.

On the Day of Pentecost Jews from Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia, Phrygia, and Pamphylia were gathered in Jerusalem (Acts 2:9 – 10). Many of these became eyewitnesses to the outpouring of the Holy Spirit and Peters subsequent sermon. Some were undoubtedly among the three thousand who believed on Jesus that day (Acts 2:41).

New Testament Sites in Turkey

Adramyttium (Edremit) Acts 27:2

Adramyttium is known as an ancient city of Mysia. Also it is known as a city in the Roman Province of Asia. It is mentioned only in Acts 27:2. Embarking in a ship of Adramyttium, which was about to sail to places on the coast of Asia, we put to sea; Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica, being with us.

Antioch (Antakya) Acts 6:5; 11:19-30; 13:1-3; 14:26-15:3; 15:22-35; 18:22-23

After Rome and Alexandria, Antioch was considered the third most important city of Empire. It is also told by Josephus. It is also known that a large Jewish community lived there and they did many important things. For instance they converted many Greeks to proselytes of Judaism. But the most important thing about Antioch is that the first group of believers called by their Greek name Christians was here.

Assos (Behramkale) Acts 20:13-14 

Acts 20:13 But we who went ahead to the ship set sail for Assos, intending to take Paul aboard there, for he had so arranged, intending himself to go by land.

Acts 20:14 When he met us at Assos, we took him aboard, and came to Mitylene.

Attalia (Antalya) Acts 14:25-26

Acts 14:25 When they had spoken the word in Perga, they went down to Attalia. 26 From Attalia they sailed back to Antioch, where they had been committed to the grace of God for the work they had now completed.

Antalya is an important site for the New Testament in Turkey. Because this city still has the ruins of antiquity. For instance, Hidirlik Kulesi bears the evidence of a lighthouse. This lighthouse existed in Hidirlik Kulesi since C2 CE. It supposed to be the mausoleum of a hero at the time of St. Paul.

Cappadocia Province (Caesarea Mazaca (Kayseri)) Acts 2:9; 1 Peter 1:1

In Anatolia there was a place and it was called as Cappadocia. The people who lived there were called as Syrians by their neighbors. We know that Persians was the first who used the name Cappadocia for the land and for the people from Cappadocia.

Cnidus Acts 27:7

Acts 27:7 When we had sailed slowly many days, and had come with difficulty opposite Cnidus, the wind not allowing us further, we sailed under the lee of Crete, opposite Salmone.

Cnidus is mentioned in 1 Maccabees 15:23, too.

1 Maccabees 15:23 …and to all the countries, and to Sampsames, and to the Spartans, and to Delos, and to Myndos, and to Sicyon, and to Caria, and to Samos, and to Pamphylia, and to Lycia, and to Halicarnassus, and to Rhodes, and to Phaselis, and to Cos, and to Side, and to Aradus and Gortyna and Cnidus and Cyprus and Cyrene.

Colossae (Honaz) Col 1:2

Colossians 1:2 To God’s holy people in Colossae, the faithful brothers and sisters in Christ:

Grace and peace to you from God our Father.

The omission of any reference by St. Paul to the great earthquake of 60 CE, causes many scholars to believe St. Paul had not yet heard the news, or the Epistle predates the quake (Tacitus records the quake, Annals 14.27). It is known that Epaphras visited St. Paul during his house arrest.

Derbe (Ekinozu) Acts 14:6-7, 20-23; 16:1

Acts 14:21 After they had preached the gospel to that city and had made many disciples, they returned to Lystra and to Iconium and to Antioch, 22 strengthening the souls of the disciples, encouraging them to continue in the faith, and saying, “Through many tribulations we must enter the kingdom of God.”

In the Bible it is mentioned Derbe and is told that even the town was small, St. Paul and St. Barnabas had many followers.  Also Gaius joined St. Paul’s team then.

Ephesus (Selcuk) Acts 18:19-21, 24-26; 19:1-20:1; 20:16-17; 1 Cor 15:32; 16:8; Eph 1:1; 1 Tim 1:3; 2 Tim 1:18; 4:12; Rev 1:11; 2:1-7

Eph 1:1Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God,

To God’s holy people in Ephesus,a the faithful in Christ Jesus:

Acts 18:19 They came to Ephesus, and he left them there. Now he himself entered the synagogue and reasoned with the Jews. 20 When they asked him to stay for a longer time, he did not consent, 21 but taking leave of them and saying, “I will return to you again if God wills,” he set sail from Ephesus.

Hierapolis (Pamukkale) Col  4:13 

Colossians 4:13 I vouch for him that he is working hard for you and for those at Laodicea and Hierapolis.

Iconium (Konya) Acts 13:51-14:5; 16:2 

Acts 13:51 So they shook the dust off their feet as a warning to them and went to Iconium.

Acts 16:2 The believers at Lystra and Iconium spoke well of him.

Laodicea (Denizli) Col. 2:1, 4:13-16; Rev 1:11; 3:14-22

Colossians 2:1 I want you to know how hard I am contending for you and for those at Laodicea, and for all who have not met me personally.

Lystra (Hatunsaray) Acts 14:6-23; 16:1-5 

Acts 14:6 But they found out about it and fled to the Lycaonian cities of Lystra and Derbe and to the surrounding country…

Miletos (Milet) Acts 20:15-38; 2 Tim 4:20

Acts 20:15 The next day we set sail from there and arrived off Chios. The day after that we crossed over to Samos, and on the following day arrived at Miletus.

Myra (Kale; Demre) Acts 27:5

Acts 27:5 When we had sailed across the open sea off the coast of Cilicia and Pamphylia, we landed at Myra in Lycia.

Perga (Perge) Acts 13:13-14; 14:25

Acts 13:13 From Paphos, Paul and his companions sailed to Perga in Pamphylia, where John left them to return to Jerusalem.

Pergamum (Bergama) Rev 1:11; 2:12-17

Rev 1:11 …which said: “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.”

Philadelphia (Alasehir) Rev 1:11; 3:7-13

Rev 1:11 …which said: “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.”

Sardis (Sart) Rev 1:11; 3:1-6

Rev 1:11 …which said: “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.”

Seleucia (Samandag) Acts 13:4

Acts 13:4 The two of them, sent on their way by the Holy Spirit, went down to Seleucia and sailed from there to Cyprus.

Smyrna (Izmir) Acts 20:1(-); Rev 1:11; 2:8-11

Rev 1:11 …which said: “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.”

Tarsus Acts 9:11, 30; 11:25; 21:39; 22:3

The Lord told him, “Go to the house of Judas on Straight Street and ask for a man from Tarsus named Saul, for he is praying. 12In a vision he has seen a man named Ananias come and place his hands on him to restore his sight.”

Thyatira (Akhisar) Rev 1:11; 2:18

Rev 1:11 …which said: “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.”

Troas (Dalyan) Acts 16:8-11; 20:1(-), 5-13; 2 Cor 2:12; 2 Tim 4:13

Acts 16:8 So they passed by Mysia and went down to Troas.

onurNew Testament Places in Turkey