Biblical References of Places in Turkey

There are many important areas in Turkey which are connected to early Christianity and mentioned the New Testament. One of these areas is Ephesus.


Ephesus was one of the greatest cities in New Testament times. The first greatest city was Rome, the second was Alexandria, the thirth was Antioch and the fourth was Ephesus. Unlike the current location, Ephesus was located on the coast between Smyrna and Miletus. In fact Ephesus was a strategic sea port and now the sea is six miles away from that area.

Ephesus has been found nearly 900,B.C and it had a significant role in the World of the New Testament Church. One of the most important references is Paul’s letter to the Ephesians. The other is John’s letter to Ephesus.

Ephesus Today

Council Church

Probably, the third ecumenical council met at the Church of Virgin Mary. This council was held at Ephesus in 431. The purpose of this meeting was debating Nestorius and his teaching.

Roman Harbor

Ephesus was a port city. But the harbor was prone to silting up. So that effected the future of Ephesus. It can be seen today that the same thing effected the harbor at Miletus.

Arkadian Road

Formerly, people used the harbor to go to Ephesus and then the Arkadian Road. Now the travellers see a column-line road to go there.


The theatre in Ephesus is one of the most impressive structures. This theatre could accommodate around 25,000 people.

Commercial Agora

It is close to the theatre. The silversmiths have had their shops in this area. They rioted against Paul.

Houses on the Slope

The houses are important because they show the extent of sophisticated civilization in Ephesus. Around the time of Paul, contemporary art was important in society. We know that via some interesting wall paintings.

Temple of Domition

Temple of Domition can give an idea to understand the intensity of Emperor worship in Ephesus. We know that the Temple of Domition was dedicated to the worship of Vespasian, Titus and Domitian.

onurBiblical References of Places in Turkey